JAMB Syllabus for Commerce 2021/2022: Read & Download PDF

JAMB Syllabus for Commerce: The Joint Admission and Matriculation Board (JAMB) Syllabus for Commerce for the 2020 Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME).

The main purpose of the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) syllabus for Commerce is to prepare the candidates for the Board’s examination. It is designed to test their achievement of the course objectives, which are to:
(1) acquire the basic concepts of Commerce;
(2) examine the relationship between Commerce and other related business subjects;
(3) apply the principles of Commerce in Nigeria;
(4) appreciate modern, dynamic, and positive changes in commercial activities.

Jamb Commerce Syllabus 2021/2022 Topic

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1. Commerce

(i) Meaning
(ii) Functions

2. Occupation

(i) Meaning
(ii) Types (industrial, commercial and services)

3. Production

(i) Meaning
(ii) Factors, characteristics and rewards (land, labour, capital and entrepreneur)
(iii) Division of Labour
(iv) Specialization
(v) Types (primary, secondary and tertiary)

4. Trade

(i) Meaning
(ii) Classification:

a. Home Trade

(i) Retail trade
– types of retailers
– functions of retailers
– trends in retailing (branding, self service, vending machines, the use of luncheon and fuel vouchers)
– advantages and disadvantages of retailers

(ii) Wholesale trade
– Types of wholesalers (merchant, agent and general)
– Functions of wholesalers
– Advantages and disadvantages of wholesalers

b. Foreign trade
(i) Basic issues in foreign trade (balance of trade visible and invisible, balance of
payments and counter trade)
(ii) Procedures and documents used in export, import and entrepot trade
(iii) Barriers to international trade.

5. Purchase and Sales of Goods

(i) Procedure and documentation (enquiry, quotation, order, invoice, proforma
invoice, statement of accounts, indent, consular invoice, bill of lading, certificate
of origin, consignment note, etc)
(ii) Terms of trade (trade discount, quantity discount, cash discount, warranties,
C.O.D., C.I.F., F.O.B., and E.O.E.)
(iii) Terms of payments

a. Cash – Legal tender
b. Credit

– Meaning
– Types and functions
– Merits and demerits

6. Aids-to-trade

a. Advertising

(i) Types and media
(ii) Advantages and disadvantages

b. Banking

(i) Types of banks
(ii) Services
(iii) Challenges

c. Communication

(i) Process
(ii) Types
(iii) Trends
(iv) Merits and demerits
(v) Barriers

d. Insurance

(i) Types
(ii) Principles
(iii) Terms
(iv) Benefits

e. Tourism

(i) Terms
(ii) Benefits
(iii) Challenges

f. Transportation

(i) Importance
(ii) Forms/mode
(iii) Advantages and disadvantages
(iv) Regulatory agencies

g. Warehousing

(i) Importance
(ii) Types
(iii) Functions
(iv) Location

7. Business Units

(i) Forms of ownership
(ii) Characteristics/features
(iii) Registration of businesses
(iv) Business Mergers
(v) Determination of choice of business units
(vi) Dissolution and liquidation of businesses

8. Financing Business

(i) Sources of finance (personal savings, sale of shares and bonds, loans, debentures,
mortgage, bank overdraft, ploughing back of profit, credit purchase, leasing
(ii) Problems of sourcing finance
(iii) Types of capital (share capital, capital owned, authorized (registered or nominal)
capital, issued capital, called-up capital, paid-up capital, liquid capital, working
capital and owners’ equity)
(iv) Calculation of forms of capital, profits (gross and net) and turnover
(v) Bureaux de change

9. Trade Associations

(i) Objectives and functions of trade associations (e.g. Cocoa Farmers’ Association, Garri Sellers’ Association, Poultry Farmers’ Association)
(ii) Objectives and functions of consumer association (e.g. thrift, credit and loans)
(iii) Objectives and functions of Chambers of Commerce (e.g. NACCIMA)

10. Money

(i) Evolution
(ii) Forms
(iii) Qualities/characteristics
(iv) Functions

11. Stock Exchange

(i) Importance and functions
(ii) Procedure of transactions and speculations
(iii) Types of securities (stocks, shares, bonds, debentures, etc)
(iv) Second-Tier Securities Market (STSM), listing requirements, types of companies
for the market, advantages and operating regulations of the market.

12. Elements of Business Management

(i) Functions (planning, organizing, staffing, coordinating, motivating, communicating
and controlling)
(ii) Principles (span of control, unity of command, delegation of authority, etc)
(iii) Organizational structure (line, line and staff, functional, matrix and committee)
(iv) Functional areas of business (production, marketing, finance and personnel)

13. Elements of Marketing

(i) Functions and Importance
(ii) The marketing concept (consumer orientation, customer satisfaction, and integrated marketing)
(iii) Marketing mix (product, price, place (distribution and promotion)
(iv) Market Segmentation
(v) Customer

14. Legal Aspects of Business

(i) Meaning and validity of a simple contract
(ii) Contract Agency, Sale of Goods Acts and Hire Purchase Act
(iii) Rights and obligations of employer and employee
(iv) Government regulations of business – registration of business, patents, trade
marks and copyrights
(v) Consumer protection – need for, and means of protection (Government legislation, Foods and Drugs Act, Standards Organization Act, Trade Descriptions Act, Consumer Association, Consumer Protection Council, NAFDAC, NDLEA, Customs and Excise, etc.)

15. Information and Communication Technology (ICT)

a. Computer

(i) Appreciation/application
(ii) Types
(iii) Functions
(iv) Advantages and disadvantages
(v) Challenges

b. Terms (Internet, Intranet, browsing, password, e-mail, google, yahoo, search, cyber café, Local Area Network, etc.)
c. Activities

(i) e-commerce
(ii) e-banking
(iii) e-business

16. Business Environment and Social Responsibility

(i) Legal, political, economic, social, cultural, technological environment, etc
(ii) Safe products, philanthropic and social environment and societal consideration
(iii) Types of pollution (water, air and land) and their implications.

Jamb Commerce Syllabus Recommended Textbook

  • Anderson, D. J. (1978). Commerce for West Africa, London: Macmillan.
  • Ahukannah, L. I. names(s)? (1992). Commerce for Secondary Schools
    Onitsha: Africana – First Publishers.
  • Asaolu, A. and Igwe, P. M. (2005). New Syllabus Commerce for Secondary Schools
    Books 1 – 3 (Second Edition) Ibadan: Evans.
  • Babatunde, A. H. (1999). Handbook on Commerce for Schools and College,
    (First Edition), Global Publications.
  • Eriki, P. O. (1998). Working with Computer, Benin: Bofic Publishers.
  • French, C. S. (2000). Computer Science, (Fifth Edition), Britain: Ashford.
  • Ibru, G. M. (2004). Nigeria: The Promise of Tourism, Lagos: G.S.L. Publishing Limited.
  • Igwe, P. M. names(s)? (2004). Countdown to WASSCE/SSCE/NECO/JME Commerce, Ibadan: Evans.
  • James, A. F, names(s)? (1996). Management, (Sixth Edition), New Delhi: Prentice Hall).
  • Nwachukwu, C. C. (1999). Management Theory and Practice, Onitsha: Africana – FIRST Publishers.
  • Odedokun, M. Onames(s)? (1999). Commerce for Senior Secondary School, Books 1 – 3, Lagos:
    Longman.
  • Odoom, F. F. (1998). Commerce for Senior Secondary School, Books 1 – 3, Ibadan: Onibonoje.
  • Onifade, A. (2001). Management: Office Business Education, Abeokuta: KAPPCO.
  • Onifade, A. (2002). The Computer for Word Processing and Internet, Abeokuta: KAPPCO.
  • Onu, A. J. C. (2000). Marketing Today, Abuja: Precious Treasures Ltd.
  • Pallister, J. and Isaacs, A. (eds) (2002). A Dictionary of Business (Third Edition), Oxford:
  • Oxford University Press.
    Wisdomline Pass at Once JAMB.
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